Latest Insights About Modern PCB Assembly Techniques For Businesses

Perhaps you are curious about the latest insights in today’s PCB assembly methods that your business can take advantage of. Well, there are surefire ways to improve your printed circuit boards’ quality. Pcbnet is one of the most trusted companies in the modern times since it provides people with practical tips to ensure that they are producing the best PCBs in the market. So if your goal is to offer high-quality PCBs without exceeding the budget of your clients, this is actually the ultimate way to go. All you need to do is check out the site and learn more tips.

However, before you achieve your goals, you need to know the technical parameters involved in assembling PCBs.

The following are the fundamentals of PCB fabrication that will enlighten you in producing best quality and affordable products that the current market needs:

• When it comes to amount, prototype as well as small series may range from one to fifty pieces. For larger quantities, you can make a special request regarding the exact number you need.

• PCB dimensions with edges on one side that measure less than 20mm are processed in a PCB holder in order to ensure quality. There will be no additional fee for this but the rates might be inclusive in the ridge milling. However, if you want to purchase printed circuit boards using your assembly panel, rest assured that the panel will stay in its original shape and size.

PCB Assembly

• For the electronic components, THT and SMD components are used with 0402 size and up including BGA, QFP, TSOP, PLCC, and SOIC.

• The assembly method is either single or double-sided. SMDs will be soldered with the use of “Vapor Phase Reflow Soldering” machine while THTs are soldered through manual method or “selective soldering” machine.

• The component packaging will include poles, reels, tape strips, bulk supply, and other necessary components. Always consider the quality of your components in order to avoid compromising the outcomes.

• Soldering tools should be lead free and must conform to IPC 650, EN 29454, ISO, and DIN 32513. This protects the quality of every PCB produced in the market.

Tips to Help Ensure Quality

For some technical reasons, the printed circuit boards are fabricated using a single panel. For the identical circuit boards that don’t need assembly are delivered in similar panel as well. And with an innovative nylon card, you will be guided in mounting PCBs with the use of certain mounting devices offered by PCBNet. The products are engineered to make circuit boards safe from shipping and other potential threats.

PCBBeing the heart of any modern electronics and gadgets, printed circuit boards are essential in the manufacturing industry. Without these products, electronic devices will not simply function. So it’s important to find a reputable company that can provide you with the best PCB assembly solutions at budget friendly rates. This will help the production of Blu-ray players, cell phones, computers, and other technologies more successful while ensuring quality. Before, PCBs are called PWBs or printed wire boards made through Masonite. Now, with the advanced tools and equipment, you can easily achieve the perfect PCBs you need for your needs.

Other Factors to Consider before Choosing a Manufacturer

The tools needed in successfully assembling PCBs include soldering iron, small pliers, and small wire cutter. But you can also use ohm or volt meter and dental probe in order to secure safe assembling process. PCBs can be produced in single layer or double layers; it basically depends on the intricacy and components used. Single-sided PCBs integrate through-hole component while double- or multi-layered circuit boards use surface-mounted parts.

Most hobbyists are using single or double sided PCBs with through-hole components to enjoy easy assembly process. With more improved PCB assembly methods along with healthy competition, the market is able to provide consumers with top quality printed circuit boards they exactly need. Not only that, you also take advantage of affordable PCBs that will help you build your brand so that consumers will choose you whenever they need PCBs. Always consider quality over quantity when buying goods from the market. To get more details about the latest updates in the PCB assembly industry, you can visit this site today.

The Origin of the Challenge Coins

There are a number of stories about the origin of the challenge coins. Until now, there are still only few proofs supporting the history of these coins. This reason makes it nearly impossible to certainly know how these coins came to be.

Although many organizations and services are claiming that they are the ones who started the tradition of the challenge coins, there is little doubt that these coins are of military origin. Based on the most acceptable story, the coins originated from a wealthy lieutenant who was deployed during the World War I.

challenge coins

Army Air Corps is a new trend in the military during World War I. These air corps assembled flying troops which were manned with young civilian volunteer pilots from different walks of life. Some are employees from different industries, while many of them were rich college students. These students withdrew from their prestigious colleges in the middle of the school year because of their eagerness to participate in a new type of warfare which they consider as a great opportunity for an exceptional adventure.

According to the legend, a wealthy lieutenant coming from the group of college students, ordered to create medallions struck in bronze which he then gave to each member of the flying squadron. He presented these medallions as symbols of their service together. Each medallion was plated with gold and had the squadron’s insignia on it. These coin-like medallions looks really valuable. One of the pilots who received this medallion placed it in a small leather pouch. Since this pilot never had something as precious as this medallion, he wore the pouch tied around his neck for safekeeping.

Soon after receiving the medallion, this pilot was captured by a German patrol when he was forced to land because his aircraft was badly damaged by ground fire. To prevent him from escaping, the German captors confiscated all his personal belongings including all his identification. Luckily, the captors were not able to notice the leather pouch tied around his neck. He was then transported for transfer to the permanent prisoner of combat facility. During this transport, the pilot grabbed the opportunity to escape and made his way to France.

Unfortunately, the French patrol thought he was one of the German spy dressed as civilian and immediately sentenced him to execution. The pilot had nothing left to prove his identity as all his belongings were previously confiscated by the Germans. In his desperation to prove his identity, the pilot presented the medallion to the French patrol. The unit insignia on his medallion was fortunately recognized by one of the French soldiers. This confirmed his identity and made his way back to his home unit.

As he safely return to his squad who also learned of what he had been through, they all believed that the medallion saved his life. Since then they all agreed to carry their medallions, known today as the challenge coins, all the time. To make sure that all members of the squadron complied with this agreement, the pilots would challenge one another to present the coin at any time. If the challenged pilot could not present the coin immediately, he must either buy a round of drinks that the challenger likes or do other forms of service for the ones who can produce their own military challenge coin. If you’re thinking about getting challenge coins then go through here

Nowadays, this challenge coin tradition continues and has reached the Army, Navy, Marines, and Coast Guard. These challenge coins are mostly used as recognition for a special achievement or appreciation for being part of a military operation. Some coins also serve as an identification badge which proves a soldier’s military service within a particular unit.

Beyond the military, these coins serve various purposes to many different organizations. The police department, fire department, and many civic groups nowadays show their allegiance through having their own custom coins. Moreover, other challenge coins are also distributed to people as a form of publicity. Some may even use these coins as a fund-raising tool.

Chronistsempelis – Areas of Expertise

If you are looking for someone to help your company in maintaining a search engine optimized site or take care of your presence and reputation online then you should visit chronistsempelis’ website and sign up for a consultation.

Chronistsempelis specializes in SEO and internet marketing. They can help you boost your search engine result ranking and more.

Here are some of the services that they offer.

1. Social Media Optimization

SEOYour social media presence is extremely important. You have to constantly engage and connect with your audience as they could become potential clients. The experts at chronistsempelis can help increase social media presence so that you can reach more customers and sales.

2. Hosting and Server Management

It is too costly and time consuming to maintain their own servers so hosting and server management services are usually being outsourced by most companies. Chronistsempelis offers hosting and server management services so that you won’t have to worry about your online presence.

3. Web Development and e-Commerce

People nowadays are spending more and more time using the internet and going online to go shopping and plenty of other things. They rely on the internet for information, entertainment and communication. If you want to easily connect with your customers, you need to have an online presence. To make this happen you need to have your own website or e-Commerce site to help you promote and sell your products and services. This is another area of expertise that they specialize in. They can help you create a website that specifically caters to your brand and customers. They will create your website and provide training for your personnel so that they can use the website for simple updates. You may also hire them to maintain your website for you for a monthly fee.

4. Search Engine Optimization and Content Writing

SEO servicesThe contents of your website will let people know what you are all about but if it does not contain the right words or formula for SEO, you won’t get top search result. They can help make your content more search engine friendly using a tried and tested formula that they have been using. The higher the search engine ranking, the more probability of people visiting your site. When more people visit your site, you have more potential customers and sales.

5. Web Analytics and Google Tools

web analytics is what web developers use to collect, analyze and measure how effective the website is for its purpose. It answers the questions like what time to people visit your site, how long do they stay and what types of things they buy. When you analyze these patterns and frequencies, you can come up with marketing strategies that can coincide with the behaviors of your customers. So when they usually log on at lunchtime, you can have some promo or offer ready for them to see at that specific time giving them more option to buy from your site. Of course there’s more to web analytics and Google tools than that but that’s one of the basic things that you can find out when you sign up for their service.

6. Reputation Management

once again, it’s all about online presence. The more visible you are the more people know about you. The reputation management service can be used to make marketing strategies based on the feedback from your customers. Their experts in the area of reputation management can help spread the word about your company through the various partners and channels that they are interconnected with.

They are currently offering a free initial consultation. To make an appointment you can call them at 1-888-RAISE-10 or email at

Author Bio:
Chronistsempelis a true Internet marketing consultant have been working in the Internet technology industry,specifically Internet.We are so confident in our knowledge to provide free consultations to anyone who is looking to speak with Internet marketing consultants.Seo consultants helps for researching and executing the most advanced Internet marketing techniques.

How is Golf Different from Other Sports?

Sports fans and athletes alike generally have a specific preference for a particular sport. Basketball, baseball, football, and tennis are some of the most popular sports around, with legions of screaming fans who attend matches and games while sporting caps, jerseys or shirts emblazoned with their favorite teams’ names. Naturally, sporting fans are also quite keen on pitting their preferred sport against those of other fans’, and comparisons between two intrinsically different sports are quite common.

GolfMuch like basketball or football where fans also take part in the sport, golf also attracts spectators or followers who aren’t necessarily playing the sport themselves (partly because getting into the sport is costlier than most, as a trip to any nearby Callaway golf retailer will prove). When asked why they prefer to follow golf tournaments over the events of any other sport, golf enthusiasts often give various (and varying) excuses.

The following are just a few of the distinctions that most golf aficionados point out when asked about what makes the ancient sport different from most sports out there :

1. Unlike most sports, golf doesn’t usually require referees. Thanks to a clearly-defined set of rules, there aren’t too many conflicts in scoring in a round of golf. Golfing tournaments might have judges on hand to observe and judge the golfers’ performances from afar, but rarely is there a need to mediate directly between golfers. Furthermore, since golf is usually classified as a gentleman’s sport, there are unspoken codes of behavior and courtesy that golfers generally abide by.

2. Live viewing access to golfing tournaments is often easier and cheaper to obtain as compared to other sporting events. Basketball games (e.g., the NBA games) and football events (e.g., the World Cup) are often costly to attend, with tickets costing up to thousands of dollars for front row seats. Ticket prices for the said events can also hit astronomical levels as the limited availability for tickets often give rise to scalpers selling them off at exorbitant mark-up rates. Tickets to golfing tournaments, on the other hand, aren’t as limited and are more strictly regulated. So, golf fans can generally get them at much lower prices (about USD25 to USD30) and at many golf equipment retailers (such as the nearest Callaway golf retailer).

3. Golf enthusiasts can purchase equipment at the same stores as their idols (Callaway golf retailers are a particularly popular choice among athletes and followers alike) and can also try their hand at the sport at the same golf course as famous golf pros. Basketball fans, on the other hand, rarely (if at all) get the chance to play alongside their icons at the same court (e.g., the Wembley Stadium or Madison Square Garden) since these locations are usually reserved exclusively for star players and big events.

4. GolfsGolf can be taken up at any age. Whether one is five or fifty, it’s never too late or too early to be bitten by the golf bug. The handicaps might be adjusted accordingly, but it will still essentially be the same game for all. More rigorous sports like basketball or football, on the other hand, tend to place expiry dates even on its most seasoned players.

5. Golf offers plenty of variety. Golfing equipment alone presents a wonderful variety of choices (hence the racks and racks of golf clubs and wedges at any Callaway golf retailer), while golf courses also offer all sorts of terrain to play on.

6. Golf can be enjoyed both as a team sport and as an individual sport. Unlike sports like tennis or badminton, golf can also be enjoyed on one’s own. Some enthusiasts even got into the sport simply because it gave them a quiet reprieve from the noise of the outside world.

Buy Prohormones from a Reliable Source to Avoid Side Effects

Prohormones provide the gains in size and strength together with the mental fierceness that you need to conquer the gym. Good diet and exercise plan is needed before using prohormones because there is no such supplement that can provide the gains in muscle that you need without having a good diet and exercise plan. It is also important that you buy prohormones only from reliable source.

The industry of prohormones has improved a lot since the DSHEA compliance law and the outcome of those changes are many. There are some misconceptions about prohormones and the side effects they have on the body. This article will deal with those misconceptions and the myths involved in prohormone use and its effects.


Prohormones are Much Safer Today

The liver processed the prohormones that enter the body, the way it process other substance or food you take. Once it enters the body, the liver converts it into the actual steroids. This is the reason why it is said to be safer as compared in the past. The substance is no longer methylated, thus they are no longer hepatoxic, which means they have less damaging effect on the liver. Make sure that you buy prohormones from a reliable source, if not you might experience harmful effects which is not present in reliable prohormones.

For those who are wondering if prohormones are actually steroids, the answer is yes and no. In its plain form the substance is considered as a supplement, but once it enters the body as mentioned above it is converted into the actual steroids and the user will achieve the same results that steroids provide.

The Effects of Prohormones

If you buy prohormones from a reliable source the effects are many and it varies from one person to another. Here are some of the common effects that you can expect from using prohormones:

  1. Increased strength
  2. Increased sex drive
  3. Quick increase in muscle mass and weight gain
  4. Increased in drive and focus in life

The Side Effects of Prohormones

Some people may experience side effects while the cycle of prohormones is going on. Since prohormones can effect your hormones, biochemistry and hormone levels some of the possible side effects are as follows:

  1. Skin acne. This is only temporary and will subside when the cycle is completed and the body’s hormones are balanced.
  2. Hair loss. This is less common with the today’s safe prohormones, but if you buy prohormones in its old form, you might experience this side effect.
  3. Testicular shrinkage. This effect is also less prevalent with the present form of prohormones but some might still experience this. This is also temporary and will subside when the cycle is completed and the hormone are balanced.
  4. Gynecomastia. This is an infamous side effect. This problem is not only related to prohormone use, but is something that a person should monitor, particularly those who are prone to estrogen response or those who are overweight, and taking any supplement. This can be solved by the use of natural, safe, legal AI’s and SERM’s during and once the prohormone cycle is completed.

The After Effects of Prohormones

If you are wondering if you need to control estrogen both and after cycle for best results and fast recovery, the answer is yes. This will optimize the cycle by controlling the estrogen and it will also help the natural production of testosterone while on cycle, thus limiting the shutdown, and compounding the outcomes.

Post Cycle Therapy or PCT

Keep in mind, when you take prohormones, they are converted to steroids in your body. This means adding exogenous testosterone, nadrolone, 1-testosterone and others in your body. This will cause your body to generate less natural testosterone during the cycle. You don’t have to worry while on the cycle but when the prohormone cycle is completed, you should take the necessary measures to help your body recover as fast as possible. You need PCT or post cycle therapy. If you were not able to implement PCT correctly, you may experience breast tissue growth or swelling, diminished mood or decrease in sex drive.